what did the middle east trade on the silk road

One such example can be found in wild silphion which was gathered in Northern Africa and traded along the Silk Road to create one of the foundations of the wealth of Carthage and Kyrene. Silk Road, also called Silk Route, ancient trade route, linking China with the West, that carried goods and ideas between the two great civilizations of Rome and China. Arabic traders brought incense from southern Arabia and the East (Coan, 2002). Most of the goods along the Silk Road were carried by caravans. To preserve their favorable position, they did not allow direct trading on a large scale between the nations of the Mediterranean Basin and the nations of Central and East/Southeast Asia. The overland portion of the Silk Road was actually a set of paths that split and reconnected across the steppes of Central Asia, almost like the blood vessels of the human body or the veins in plant leaves. Historical Perspectives on Trade and Risk on the Silk Road, Middle East and China @article{inar2015HistoricalPO, title={Historical Perspectives on Trade and Risk on the Silk Road, Middle East and China}, author={E. Çinar and Katherine Geusz and J. Johnson}, journal={Topics in Middle Eastern andNorth African Economies}, year={2015}, volume={17} } The Silk Road was a network of trade routes which connected the East and West, and was central to the economic, cultural, political, and religious interactions between these regions from the 2nd century BCE to the 18th century. Burning of incense have a long tradition in Islamic cultures, like for private or public ceremony purposes, but it is rarely used in religious settings (Museum placard, MFA). On the other hand, other goods moved to the east (towards China), such as: grapes, cotton, gold, silver, … The Silk Road crossed the region, and it could have channeled migration along the east-west axis of Eurasia. The Silk Road was a group of trade routes that went across Asia to the Mediterranean Sea. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library, 2008. Moreover, the goods provide a perfect example of how the Silk Road contributed to the spread of Middle Eastern religions and cultural identities. Trading along the Silk Road and became stronger again between the 13th and 14th centuries, when the Mongols controlled central Asia. (Christian Hyon), Liu, Xinru. It was called the Silk Road because silk was traded along it. The Sogdians had control of commerce in the Turk Empire; they dominated the Silk Road trade in East Turkestan in the seventh and eighth centuries (Skaff 475). Out of all the goods traded there were some that caught our groups attention, such as candlesticks and perfume sprinklers from Syria, as well as a incense burner and bookbinding tools from other parts of the Middle East. No one in the world even knew about it or how to make it. This quiz tests your knowledge about the famous trade route that connected China, India, and the Mediterranean world in medieval times. But it … It served as a way for contact between the ease and the west throughout the middle ages. Yet, it does follow two clearly conceptualised but very vaguely defined and delimited routes: the terrestrial Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. (Yingzi Huang), Middle Eastern Trade Goods on the Silk Road, The Benin Kingdom and Early Afro-European Relations. In Mamluk Syria from 1250-1516, small candlesticks were made. The journey would be about 7000 km (4000 miles), and there were many hazards and dangers on the way. As Welford explains, one reason the Silk Road was so effective in aiding spread of disease-causing microbes was that, despite its name, it wasn’t just a single route. Almost all of them are encircled by arabic calligraphy and depict European shields with a flat top and pointed base. Cairo, Damascus and Aleppo were important trade cities between the Mediterranean world and the East (Xinru, 29). Most of the goods along the Silk Road were carried by caravans. Some spices of African origin that were traded along the Silk Road have become extinct. The Middle East has always been considered a very crucial geographic area for trade because it was necessary for almost all traders go through the areas of the Levante. At the time, silk was only made in China, and it was a valuable material. Through the Silk Road… Even in the beginning of our era the Silk Road connected such powerful ancient empires as Rome, Parthia, Kushan and China. This does … And because perfumes were mostly excluded for the rich and the upper class, Islamic perfume sprinklers are carefully crafted with a long and thin neck and decorated with unique aesthetic vines or symbols. The goods carried on the Silk Road moved basically from the East to the West. E-book ed., Oxford UP. For example, merchants and traders in the East transported to Europe, goods such as: silks, glass-based products, paper, spices, apples, oranges, and other foods items. How did all the Hinduism reach the Middle East so long ago? Religion, languages and diseases also spread along the Silk Road. In the early Middle Ages traffic along the route decreased because of the decline of the Roman Empire. Interactive Grammar and Vocabulary Exercises. The hot desert, high mountains and sandstorms made travelling a rough business. (Jack Kelly), Conan, Michel. Without the Silk Road, these materials would never have come together to create such a beautiful tool. The … Ahmedabad: Mapin Pub., 2002. In the course of time, medicine, perfumes, spices and livestock found their way between continents. The Middle East has always been considered a very crucial geographic area for trade because it was necessary for almost all traders go through the areas of the Levante. The Middle East’s main role in China’s Silk Road initiatives is to provide new markets and opportunities for China’s excess industrial capacity. Through the Silk Road traders, people were able to trade goods through this vast network of roads that extended from Central Europe to Central China (Xinru, 11). Silk fabrics were also made in Iran, so Persians would get the material such as silk from the east, and sell the finished product to the westerners. Besides the spreading of Islamic culture, some of these goods appear to have textual elements and special artistic techniques which proves that many craftsmen integrate either European or Asian elements (Blair, 9) which made the Middle Eastern trade goods distinct and memorable. These routes crossed mountains, deserts, valleys, and oceans. The Arabs traded cinnamon from Ceylon, black pepper from India, as well as dealing with … The Silk Road was actually a 4,000 mile long network of routes stretched westward from China across Asia's deserts and mountain ranges through the Middle East, until it reaches the Mediterranean Sea. Impact of the Silk Road on the Middle East The Silk Road is an ancient legacy that spread ideas, knowledge, goods, and religion throughout Asia, Europe, and the Middle East. The Chinese learned to make silk thousands of years ago. For centuries this served as the link between Europe with the rest of Asia, as well as Africa. By the second century C.E., silk was being produced in India, and a few centuries later, in Japan. The three sections of the Silk Road trade routes are: 1) an eastern section beginning in Chang'ary China, ... Persia, Middle East lncense Southern Arabia Household slaves, pets, arena animals, exotic furs, cashmere wool, raw and finished cotton, spinach, sandalwood, palm oil, cane sugar, perfumes, gems, gold, ivory, opium, glass and stone beads lndia Cinnamon lndia, Sri Lanka … In medieval period, perfumes are high in demand in Roman, Byzantine and Islamic Empires. Print. The candles offer wishes for wealth, power, and good fortune to the object’s owner (Sheila 67). This bookbinding tool was made of gold, ivory, and Persian leather in Iran. Bilateral trade between China and Middle Eastern countries—in particular the GCC countries, Iran, and Turkey—are expected to increase, along with Chinese investments in infrastructure projects throughout the region. Albany, NY: State U of New York Press, 1983. Shiva worship and shivaling (the most sacred Hindu ceremony) began at least as early as the 8th century BCE in India. The Middle East benefitted from the Silk Road greatly in culture, economics, and politics. Although silk was the main trading item there were many other goods that travelled along the Silk Road between Eastern Asia and Europe. To become the world leader it evidently wants and deserves to be, Beijing should turn that key. In the Middle Ages the Venetian merchant Marco Polo named the caravan routes silk roads. Gold was very valuable all over the world and portrayed an image of wealth. The combination of these rare materials makes us believe that this was a valuable object and owned by a wealthy person (Eva 41). How did politics affect the Silk Road during the "Middle Ages"? During the Medieval Period, the Arabs became particularly skilled in trade on the Silk Road. We chose to define the Middle Ages of this region by the time period that the Silk Road was active. Parthian empire in Near and Middle East was defeated in 224 and conquered by Sassanid Iran, the powerful state which managed to expand its territory considerably. For a long time the Chinese guarded this secret very carefully. The Silk Road was an ancient network of trade routes, formally established during the Han Dynasty of China, which linked the regions of the ancient world in commerce between 130 BCE-1453 CE.As the Silk Road was not a single thoroughfare from east to west, the term 'Silk Routes’ has become increasingly favored by historians, though 'Silk Road’ is the more common … The route is over 6,500 km long and got its name because the early Chinese traded silk along it. This extracted aromatic oils are used for cosmetic, medical and religious purposes. Merchants and Missionaries in a Globalizing World. The Silk Road consisted of several trade routes between China and Europe. What really caused the Silk Road was greed and the want of more land. European traders probably brought the plague from Asia to Europe along the ancient road. Each one of these objects reflects the goods traded by the Arabic merchants, such as copper, gold, ivory, aromatic substances (Baer, 80). The reasoning behind this choice was because t he Silk Road led to an age of new ideas and commodities across a vast amount of land not known to China previously, which could be considered the Asian equivalent … Trade resembled a chain, with each trader and segment of the trade route representing a link in the chain. Blair, Sheila S., Jonathan Bloom, and Richard Ettinghausen. Only the emperor, his family and his highest advisers were allowed to wear clothes made of silk. Trading started, often with Indians as middlemen who traded silk with the Chinese in exchange for gold and silver which they got from the Romans. The Silk Road in World History. It is very interesting and important for people nowadays to understand the significance of the Middle East as connecting factor to the Silk Road. The chosen incense burner is particularly interesting. Silk went westward, and wools, gold, and silver went east. Trading started, often with Indians as middlemen who traded silk with the Chinese in exchange for gold and silver which they got from the Romans. The Middle East itself was also a beacon of trade in the Silk Road were many exotic goods were sold either to the … During the Age of Exploration the Silk Road lost its importance because new sea routes to Asia were discovered. Vol. Finding Global Connections in Objects from the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. It was … The Silk Road, the all-important trade route between China and … Many of them would … Travelling along the route was dangerous. 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