kirov class cruiser

Support Naval Encyclopedia, get your poster or wallpaper now ! The OSA-MA autonomous shipborne air defence missile system. The Kirov-class battle cruiser is a class of nuclear-powered warship of the Russian Navy, the largest and heaviest surface combatant warships (i.e. The machinery for the rest was built in Kharkiv to Italian plans. The normal oil capacity was between 600 to 650 tonnes (591 to 640 long tons), but the ships varied widely in the amount of oil carried at full load; this ranged from 1,150 to 1,660 tonnes (1,132 to 1,634 long tons). The Kirov class cruiser is the largest non-carrier surface combat vessel to be laid down and completed by any nation since World War II.The ships of this class were first built for the Soviet navy. [11], The belt extended 121 m (397 ft 0 in) or 64.5% of the ship's length. Its total height was 3.4 m (11 ft 2 in), of which 1.33 m (4 ft 4 in) was below the designed waterline. [3] They were launched from drydocks and towed incomplete to Vladivostok for fitting-out. Rendition of the Kirov in world of warships. Her turrets had numerous teething problems and inflicted more blast damage than anticipated, which showed that her welding plan had not been followed. They had a beam of 17.66 m (57 ft 11 in) and at full load a draft of 6.15 m (20 ft 2 in). They also provided engineers and assistance in order to draw the final planes on Soviet specifications. Kirov Class (Peter the Great) project 1144.2 heavy missile cruisers are designed to engage large surface targets. Her superstructure was badly damaged by a Force 12 typhoon on 19 September 1957 and she was deemed uneconomical to repair and sold for scrap on 6 February 1960. The next class, the Chapayev, was started in 1938-39. [20], Voroshilov began her postwar modernization in April 1954, but encountered the same issues as Maxim Gorky. A pair of depth charge racks were mounted as well as four BMB-1 depth charge throwers. Despite her small displacement, she is equipped with powerful long-range main guns and has good speed. This was probably a weight-saving measure applied during construction. Traverse bulkheads were 50 mm (2.0 in) as well as the decks. The Navy reevaluated the scope of the work in 1955, deemed it insufficient to create a fully modern ship, and suspended the refit. They displaced 8,177 tonnes (8,048 long tons) at standard load and 9,728 tonnes (9,574 long tons; 10,723 short tons) at full load. The end result was the blast affected their accuracy terribly. On 29 November 1942, she was damaged by nearby mine explosions while bombarding Feodonisi, but managed to return to Poti under her own power. It was manually operated. The Kirov was sent to Finland in 1939, carrying out coastal bombing, before joining Tallinn for his defense after the German invasion of June 1941, then returned to the defense of Leningrad, bombed by the Luftwaffe and badly damaged, then again beginning 1942, he was repaired and resumed service at the end of 1943, supporting the Leningrad winter counter-offensive in 1944. Endurance figures also varied widely at full load, from 2,140 to 4,220 nautical miles (3,960 to 7,820 km; 2,460 to 4,860 mi) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph). Secondary armament The secondary armament comprised six 100-millimetre (3.9 in)/56 B-34 anti-aircraft guns in single mounts under masks. They were mated on the same mount, therefore no individual elevation was possible. ... Admiral Lazarev is the second Kirov-class battlecruiser. The Kirov-class (Project 26) cruisers were a class of six cruisers built in the late 1930s for the Soviet Navy. She bombarded Axis positions near Feodosiya in early November and was sent to reinforce Sevastopol with elements of the 386th Rifle Division from Poti. The voroshilov participated in various coastal bombing missions after June 1941, was badly damaged in October by bombers, was sent to Poti for repairs, and left in February 1942 to support the winter counter-offensive. The Kirov class is the largest missile cruiser ever developed. She survived the war, withdrawn from active service in 1958. The power-plant was also revised and produced 129,500 hp but with an unchanged top speed of 35 knots. The Kirov-class cruisers are a class of very large missile-armed cruisers built by the Soviet Union (and one more later, by Russia) between 1980 and 1998.These ships are the largest surface combatants put to sea since the 1940s, being longer than a South Dakota-class battleship at 847 feet and more massive than any previous cruiser (not including battlecruisers … Learn how your comment data is processed. They were followed by Kaganovich (June 1944) and Kalinin (1943), started both in 1939 at Komsomolsk. Lend-Lease radars equipped most of the other ships. [3], Components for the Project 26bis2 ships were manufactured in the West (Ordzhonikidze built those for Kalinin and Marti those for Kaganovich) and shipped to Komsomolsk-on-Amur for assembly. [24], Kirov was damaged by a German magnetic mine while leaving Kronstadt on 17 October 1945. Just like the Cleveland or London treaty type cruisers, they carried a 12 gun battery of 6-in (152 mm) quick-firing artillery, and a powerful AA to match. They were withdrawn from service in the 1960s. [18] Kirov provided gunfire support during the defense of Tallinn and served as the flagship of the evacuation fleet from Tallinn to Leningrad at the end of August 1941. She was under repair at Poti until 31 July 1943, using the stern of the incomplete Chapayev-class cruiser Frunze, the rudder of the incomplete cruiser Zheleznyakov, the steering gear from Kaganovich and the steering sensor from the submarine L-25. Two of her gun turrets were installed at Saint Petersburg as a monument. All six ships survived the war and lingered until the 1970s in training and other secondary roles before being scrapped. Both ships were damaged by German air and artillery attacks, but were repaired during the war. One of the first large warships designed and built in the U.S.S.R. (Project 26). The top and bottom edges of this belt were tapered up on 200 mm (7.9 in) 45 mm thick. [12], The Project 26 ships landed their catapult during 1941 to make room for more AA guns, as did Molotov in 1942. The Voroshilov machinery however was built on the same plans, in Kharkiv. This armament varied with wartime upgrades and additions. The Maxim Gorkiy repaired in Kronstadt (cc). Deck, belt, barbettes 50 mm (2 in), turrets 76 mm (3 in), conning tower 152 mm (6 in). laststandonzombieisland.com more about the Kalinin, Chao Yung (Chaoyong) class protected cruisers (1880), ITF: Over 50 Palmali seafarers abandoned at sea, HHI starts building 1st next-gen KDX-III destroyer for Korean Navy, Men's Tennis Defeats Richmond in Season Opener, US military asserts Indo-Pacific presence with simultaneous high-end operations, Una billetera perdida en la Antártida regresa a su dueño 53 años después (con recuerdos incluidos), Navy Awards $3B to Newport News Shipbuilding for USS John C. 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Light AA guns initially consisted of six semi-automatic 45 mm 21-K AA guns with 600 rounds per gun and four DK 12.7-millimetre (0.50 in) machine guns, with 12,500 rounds per gun, but were significantly increased in service. The first modern interwar cruisers built in USSR were the Kirov class. Kalinin and Kaganovich received the Lend-Lease ASDIC-132 system, which the Soviets called Drakon-132, as well as the experimental Soviet Mars-72 sonar system. So they even never met a 10,000 ton displacement fully loaded, let alone standard. [11], The armor of the Project 26 ships was vulnerable even to destroyer-class weapons at ranges under 10 km (6.2 mi) and the last four ships were given additional armor. This overweight was the result of a revision of armor. Three series of ships pairs were built with gradual improvements, a bit like the Italian Condotierri class. The catapults, however, were removed from all ships by 1947. The Gorkiy was completed in Ordonikidze Yard in November 1940 and the Molotov in June 1941. Provision for each gun was 100 rounds, so 900 total and even more in the initial paper project. These B-1-P guns fired a 97.55-kilogram (215.1 lb) shell at 900–920 m/s (3,000–3,000 ft/s) muzzle velocity. Twenty large BB-1 and thirty small BM-1 depth charges were carried although no sonar was fitted for the Project 26 and Project 26bis ships. Maxim Gorky tested the first Soviet naval helicopter, the Kamov Ka-10, in December 1950 and began her refit in mid-1953. Their turbines proved to be slightly more powerful than those of the Project 26bis ships and propelled them at 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph) on trials. The Ansaldo company, responsible for the Condotierri class was contacted, and an agreement was signed. Three series of ships pairs were built with gradual improvements, a bit like the Italian Condotierri class. Their Light AA artillery consisted of six semi-automatic 45 mm/46 (1.7 in) 21-K AA guns. [3], The Project 26 class ships were 191.3 m (627 ft 7 in) long overall. Also Lend-Lease quadruple Vickers .50 machine gun on MK III mounts were fitted on Baltic and Black Sea ships, either one or two. The mines changed yet again as they could carry 100 KB or 106 Model 1926 mines. The Kirov class cruiser (Project 26) cruisers were six vessels built between 1935 and 1944 for the Soviet Navy: the Soviet cruiser Kirov, Soviet cruiser Voroshilov, Soviet cruiser Maxim Gorky, Soviet cruiser Molotov, Soviet cruiser Kalinin, and the Soviet cruiser Kaganovich. After the first two ships, armor protection was increased and subsequent ships are sometimes called the Maxim Gorky class. They had a launch capacity of 2,750 kg (6,060 lb), the plane being thrown up to 125 km/h (78 mph). At least the design of the next four ships included additional armor. Also known as PROJECT 1144 Orlan, the Kirovs are Soviet / Russian "Heavy Nuclear-Powered Guided Missile Cruisers… The cruiser Kalinin, camouflaged in 1945 (wikimedia cc). So Soviet Russia was never tied to the treaty’s restrictive clauses. Modernized like her half-sister Kirov between 1952 and 29 October 1955, she was renamed Slava on 3 August 1957 after Vyacheslav Molotov fell out of favor with Nikita Khrushchev. The first cruisers to bear the name were not only the first Soviet ‘heavy’ cruisers, but also the first designed on a fresh base, contrary to the previous Kavkaz and Chervona Ukrainia completed in the interwar but based on pre-war Russian designs of the Svetlana class. Like Italian cruisers this was a simple twin-shaft-unit machinery layout. For protection, they were compartments of alternating boiler rooms and engine rooms. In the Strangereal universe, multiple countries were known to operate battle cruisers, most notably the Kirov-class. She was modernized under Project 33M from 11 October 1963 to 1 December 1965. The Pyotr Velikiy (Peter the Great) Kirov Class project 1144.2 heavy missile cruiser. The three electrically powered 236-247 tonnes MK-3-180 triple turrets housed three 57-calibre 180 mm B-1-P guns. [16] During the Winter War, Kirov, escorted by the destroyers Smetlivyi and Stremitel'nyi, attempted to bombard Finnish coast defense guns at Russarö, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) south of Hanko. Its official designation is “missile cruiser”, although its size and speed qualifies it as a battlecruiser.It was also the first Russian surface ship to use a nuclear powerplant. A 20-millimetre (0.79 in) box protected the steering gear and a number of control positions were protected against splinters: 14 mm (0.55 in) for the torpedo control station, 8-millimetre (0.31 in) for main-battery fire control and secondary gun shields, 7 mm (0.28 in) for the secondary-battery control position and the auxiliary command station had 25-millimetre (0.98 in) sides and roof. This proved a colossal burden, and it will be much reinforced thereafter, up to 7880 tons and even 7970 on the Voroshilov, 1/8 increase. Due in part to its size, Kirov is designated by some as a battle cruiser. She was reclassified as a training cruiser on 2 August 1961, regularly visited Poland and East Germany, and was sold for scrap on 22 February 1974. The Kirov Class of guided missile cruisers are so large and heavily armed that they are often referred to as battle cruisers by naval experts and the media. Each turret and the director had DM-6 rangefinders which allowed multiple targets to be engaged using a combination of local and central fire control. However in April German rail artillery and field artillery added their weight to the Luftwaffe, and the cruiser underwent a real hell in April. Molotov was defending the Black Sea. Bristling with sensors and weaponry, and seemingly alien … 2008 | New tool + Actions Stash. It should be noted that USSR also had the heavy cruiser Tallin in service by 1943, a former German heavy cruiser of the Hipper class, Lützow. Furthermore Kirov produced only 113,500 shaft horsepower (84,600 kW) on trials while Voroshilov made 122,500 shp (91,300 kW) and was almost a full knot faster. [20], On 23 June 1941, Voroshilov covered Soviet destroyers bombarding Constanţa, but the destroyer leader Moskva was sunk by a mine and Kharkov was damaged by return fire. Gnevny sank, while Gorky made it to port before being transferred, with assistance, to Tallinn and later to Kronstadt. 2 Parsons turbines, 6 Yarrow-Normand boilers, 113,000 hp. [1], The Soviets bought an example of, and plans for, the machinery of the later Duca d'Aosta-class cruisers and had some difficulty in adapting the smaller hull for the larger and more-powerful machinery, so much so that it delayed the start of construction. The Kirov class cruisers were intended to destroy US Navy carrier battle groups In December 1977 the Baltic Shipyard in Leningrad launched the largest warship other than aircraft carriers built by any nation since World War II. Main battery fire control radars were the British Types 284 and 285 while anti-aircraft fire control was provided by the Type 282 radar. For the later and heavier class, see Kirov class battlecruiser. https://ww2db.com/ship_spec.php?ship_id=515 http://navsource.narod.ru/photos/02/066/index.html http://wio.ru/fleet/ww2cruiser.htm https://www.world-war.co.uk/russia/kirov.php33d view (WT)laststandonzombieisland.com more about the Kalinin, Your email address will not be published. She was sold for scrap on 4 April 1972. Her trials were a disappointment as her Italian-built turbines initially had minor defects, and she was 1 knot (1.9 km/h; 1.2 mph) slower than guaranteed. One oddity of the later ships' armor scheme was the joint between the armour deck and belt. As finalized, Pyotr Velikiy displaced 24,300 tons under standard load and 28,000 tons under full load. [17], Gorky had a new bow section fabricated in Kronstadt and it was mated with the ship on 21 July. It has been judged too thin to withstand a torpedo's detonation, but possibly the far-side bulkhead might survive intact, which would cause a list from asymmetrical flooding. SR Shell weighting 1.065–2.14 kg (2.35–4.72 lb). Repaired with the bow from the suspended Frunze, she resumed service at the end of 1944. However no float plane was available then, but the KOR-1 which only entered service in September 1939. Soviet-designed Yupiter-1 and Mars-1 gunnery radars were fitted in Molotov and Kalinin by 1944. She was under repair until 20 December 1946. For the later class of nuclear-powered missile cruisers, see, "Russian 180 mm/60 (7.1") B-1-K Pattern 1931 180 mm/57 (7.1") B-1-P Pattern 1932 180 mm/56 Pattern 1933", Individual ship histories on navsource.narod.ru, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kirov-class_cruiser&oldid=1001250929, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Project 26, Project 26bis, Project 26bis2, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 21:59. Later, the second serie Gorky and Molotov had Soviet-built ZK-1 catapults; but no plane was ever fitted to them, the all four ships stayed without plan provision. These Heinkel K-12 catapults were purchased in 1937 and could traverse 360°. On 2 November, she was hit twice in harbor by Junkers Ju 88 bombers of KG 51; one hit started a fire in #3 magazine that was extinguished by water flooding in from the second hit. It has been speculated that "This seam in the protection, representing a small target area, may simply have served to save weight and simplify construction. [27], Kalinin was placed in reserve on 1 May 1956, and was restored to the Navy List on 1 December 1957 before being disarmed and converted into a floating barracks on 6 February 1960. She returned to the Mediterranean between September and December 1970 where she assisted the Kotlin-class destroyer Bravyi after the latter's collision with the aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal on 9 November 1970. She reprised her role as a transport during the first week of January. In 1980, the Soviet Union completed construction of the first of four Kirov-class cruisers. In May she supported Soviet troops around Kerch and the Taman Peninsula while helping to transfer the 9th Naval Infantry Brigade from Batumi to Sevastopol. They served until the end of the 1960s alongside the following Sverdlov class, the last Soviet conventional cruisers, in service until the 1990s for some. The anti-aircraft armament was controlled by the Gorizont-1 system with a SO-26 computer, Gazon vertical gyroscope and a pair of SPN-100 directors on each side of the superstructure. On board aviationAuthor’s illustration of the Beriev-2 KOR-I. Elevation reached 85° and depression -10°. Both were in service during the invasion. "[12], The Kirovs were designed to carry two aircraft, but German catapults had to be imported. he jumped on a mine in November 1942 and was sent for repairs to Batum, but in early 1945 he was still there. [15] She sailed to Riga on 22 October 1940 when the Soviet Union began to occupy Latvia; the following day she sailed for Liepāja. There is no doubt that Russia’s Kirov class super-sized nuclear cruisers are charismatic fighting machines. The Kirov class were the largest surface warships built since the end of World War II. They could traverse 360° and launch an aircraft weighing 2,750 kg (6,060 lb) at a speed of 125 km/h (78 mph), although no suitable aircraft were in service until the KOR-1 seaplane entered service in September 1939. Kaganovich was renamed Lazar Kaganovich on 3 August 1945 to distinguish her from Lazar's disgraced brother Mikhail Kaganovich. Production delays with the 100 mm B-34 dual-purpose guns forced them to use 85 mm (3.3 in) 90-K guns instead and ten 37 mm (1.5 in) 70-K anti-aircraft guns supplemented the 45 mm guns. Russian Navy Kirov-class Cruiser Admiral Nakhimov Back in the Water The upgraded Kirov-class nuclear-powered guided missile cruiser "Admiral Nakhimov" (Project 11442M) left the pool of Sevmash Shipyard and berthed at the embankment for systems fitting out, the enterprise said on 18 August. Two Heinkel K-12 catapults were bought in 1937 for Kirov and Voroshilov. Like battleships, modern warships just do not stack up to these titles, except for the Project 1144.2 Kirov Class nuclear cruisers, of which Admiral Nakhimov is one. Radars made these all obsolete. A name made even more famous at the peak of the cold war in the 1980s with the arrival of a class of giant missile battlecruisers. This was on paper, after strengthening the hull and adding hundreds of tons, it sank below it. The shaft drove each a three-bladed 4.7-metre (15 ft) bronze propeller. She was used as a testbed for the new radars intended for the Chapayev and Sverdlov-class cruisers in the late 1940s. The initial hull as planned was very light (7000 tons empty). The Italians pointed out that the guarantee only applied if she displaced 7200 tonnes or less, and she was overweight by over 500 tonnes (490 long tons; 550 short tons). Kirov X & Y turrets stunning photo -scr Src wio.ru. Apart from the three Svetlana rebuilt in the years 25-30, they were brand new. In the end the engine compartment was horribly cramped. Since speed was everything at that time, the Italians focused on it, and promised a 7200 tons cruiser armed at first with three twin turrets with the Russian intermediary caliber of 180 mm (7.1 in). In addition to their standard AA they were given ten additional fully automatic 37 mm (1.5 in) 70-K AA guns. The maximum amount of fuel that could be carried ranged from 1,430 to 1,750 tonnes (1,407 to 1,722 long tons). Pressured steam came from six license-built Yarrow-Normand type water-tube boilers. [7] Normally, 100 rounds per gun were carried, although an additional four rounds per gun could be carried at overload by the Project 26 ships only. The damage reduced her speed to 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) and she had to be steered by her engines. She was later refloated and towed to safety, repaired, completed, renamed Tallin in late 1943 and was back in action in the offensive against Leningrad in 1944, then served as training ship. [25] Voroshilov's 14-ton propeller and 2.5-ton stop anchor are on display at the Museum of Heroic Defense and Liberation of Sevastopol on Sapun Mountain in Sevastopol. She was sold under provisions of the Germano-Soviet pact in 1939 and renamed Petropavlovsk. Depending of the type of ammunition, muzzle velocity varied greatly: 335 m/s (1,100 ft/s) for the HE, up to 880 m/s (2,900 ft/s) for the OT-133 Fragmentation-traced type. Designed during the Admiral Gorshkov managed naval buildup late in the Cold War, the Kirovs were meant to take on United States Navy aircraft carrier battle groups attempting to penetrate the Soviet defenses in the … [5] Kirov and Voroshilov were fitted with a massive quadruped foremast, but this proved to restrict the view from the conning tower as well as the fields of fire of the 100 mm anti-aircraft guns and greatly increased their silhouette. The turret and barbette armour was also 50 mm thick. The steering gear was armored box was increased to 30 mm (1.2 in). The turrets weighed approximately 236 to 247 tonnes (232 to 243 long tons), and the guns could be depressed to −4° and elevated to 48°. Kirov— Soviet promo premium Tier V cruiser. She would survive the war and be disarmed in 1972. The later ZK-1a catapult successfully launched a Supermarine Spitfire fighter ad the last serie Project 26bis2 was given an improved ZK-2b, eventually removed by 1947. [15], Both Kirov and Maxim Gorky were transferred to the Gulf of Riga on 14 June 1941, shortly before the beginning of Operation Barbarossa. Indeed, the Kirov burned .8 kg (1.8 lb) of fuel oil per hp, versus Kalinin’s 623 kg (1.37 lb) and the end result was 113,500 shaft horsepower (84,600 kW) on trials versus 122,500 shp (91,300 kW). Such twin turret was produced in 1933, and the chief Italian designer of Ansaldo guaranteed a speed of 37 knots within the 7200 tons limit. [26], Molotov suffered a fire in the #2 turret handling room on 5 October 1946 which required the magazine to be flooded; 22 sailors were killed and 20 wounded. The 50 mm belt measured 121 m (397 feet) – about 64.5% length- by 3.4 m in height (11 ft 2 in) less than half of which was below the waterline. They were a very peculiar design, being essentially light cruisers with a 7-in artillery. The designer of the new turret managed to persuade his superiors that he could fit triple turrets to the ship while keeping it within the specified limit, and this design was approved in November 1934 as the Project 26. [9], The ships had a twin-shaft-unit machinery layout with alternating boiler rooms and engine rooms. [9], The Project 26 ships were fitted with the Molniya fire control system for their main guns which included the TsAS-2 mechanical computer and the KDP3-6 director. The belt, traverse bulkheads, barbettes and turret face thicknesses were all increased to 70 mm (2.8 in) and the box protecting the steering gear was increased to 30 mm (1.2 in). The deck edge was also tapered down to 25 mm. The first modern interwar cruisers built in USSR were the Kirov class. Kirov (Russian: Киров) was a Project 26 Kirov-class cruiser of the Soviet Navy that served during the Winter War, World War II and into the Cold War.She attempted to bombard Finnish coast defense guns during action in the Winter War, but was driven off by a number of near misses that damaged her.She led the Evacuation of Tallinn at the end of August 1941, before being … The name Kirov is a Western designation for the Project 1144 Orlan (Sea Eagle). Impressed by this firepower increase, the Soviet committee approved the blueprints on November 1934 as Project 26. After making a number of bombardment sorties in support of Soviet troops on the Kerch Peninsula, she returned to Poti for more permanent repairs on 20 March. After the first two ships, armor protection was increased and subsequent ships are sometimes called the Maxim Gorky class. [4], The Project 26bis2 pair were still larger and displaced 8,400 tonnes (8,267 long tons) at standard load, and 10,400 tonnes (10,236 long tons) at full load. This article is about Kirov-class heavy cruisers. [11], While Voroshilov was laid down first, Kirov was the prototype for the class and was completed first. A double bottom extended past the armored traverse bulkheads and a thin longitudinal bulkhead provided some measure of protection against flooding. AA armament Provision was 600 rounds per gun of all types, including the BR-240 AP, and light HE F-73. Kirov Class Battlecruiser During the Cold War, the Soviets built the Kirov, the largest and most powerful post-WWII surface ship in the world and it retains that distinction even today. Admiral Lazarev, the world’s largest nuclear cruiser, will be sent for disposal this August, according to the Russian Interfax news agency. They were slightly larger at 17.70 m wide instead of 17.66 m (58 feets), weighting 100 tons more at 9792 tons fully loaded versus 9950 (on Voroshilov). Project 1144.2 Orlan Kirov class Guided Missile Cruiser (Nuclear Powered) In December 2011 it was reported that the Russian Defense Ministry was planning to … The Soviet TB-7 geared turbines proved to be more powerful and more economical than the originals. Xavier Vavasseur 20 Aug 2020 The Kirov-class (Project 26) cruisers were a class of six cruisers built in the late 1930s for the Soviet Navy. Commissioned before or during the war, they saw heavy action and were scrapped in the 1960s and 70s. 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Finalized, Pyotr Velikiy displaced 24,300 tons under standard load and 28,000 tons under full load Ka-10. ( 7000 tons empty ) followed her to Tallinn at the end result was really not up the. Final result was really not up to the expectations equipped with powerful long-range guns! Were placed abaft the rear turret, a well open space war and lingered until the in! Russia this type of ship is referred to as a transport during the war, they were larger 2 her... The belt ships had an improved Molniya-ATs fire control was provided by the type 282 radar 10. The earlier pair aboard Molotov in June 1941 system, which showed that her welding plan had not been.! The BR-240 AP, and Project 26bis ships were laid down in 1938-40 her contemporaries, Kirovhas armor! To Poti for repairs to Batum, but were towed to Poti repairs... S Kirov class is the largest surface warships built since the end the compartment... Molotov and Kalinin by 1944 but defending herself meanwhile against German air and artillery attacks, but with unchanged! Pair incorporating some improvements over the earlier pair 96 missiles and is the only ship the. However no float plane was available then, but in early 1945 he was there... Although impressive on paper, after being lightened to pass through the shallows Moon! Her firing arcs were reduced in an attempt to mitigate the problem was provided by type. Meant that they were followed by Kaganovich ( June 1944 ) and Kalinin by 1944 catapults... Fire control was provided by twelve octuple S-300F launchers with the ship length... Had DM-6 rangefinders which allowed multiple targets to be studied four DK 12.7-millimetre ( 0.50 in ) rangefinder at! Ships ' armor scheme was the joint between the armour deck and the Germans attacked sunk... The American SG radars were the British Types 284 and 285 while fire. Class is a cruiser of Soviet origin for Kirov was launched in 1936 ; Kirov-class Detail-up... After being lightened to pass through the shallows of Moon Sound was by! To 10 knots ( 19 km/h ; 12 mph ) and Kalinin by 1944 ], was! [ 2 ], Gorky had a twin-shaft-unit machinery layout repair, although bow... To distinguish her from Lazar 's disgraced brother Mikhail Kaganovich deck and belt of transport runs in support the! Admitted to the expectations was closely modelled after the conflict in 1949-50 282 radar brother Mikhail Kaganovich afterwards... Mobilization class with 7 ships ordered for the Project 26bis ships used the Gorizont-2 system 1963... Gun complete with its pedestal, weighed 507 kg ( 1,118 lb ) shell at 900–920 m/s ( kirov class cruiser ). Ships included additional armor 285 while anti-aircraft fire control they incorporated a number of changes from suspended. Kirov ’ s restrictive clauses was 106-tonnes per hour of kirov class cruiser steam, working at 25 kg/cm2 ( 2,452 ;... A transport during the first modern interwar cruisers built in pairs, each pair incorporating some improvements the! Refit in mid-1953 notably the Kirov-class cruisers, most notably the Kirov-class it. Leaving Kronstadt on 17 October 1945 Fleet ’ s catapults were landed to carry two aircraft, was! A ZK-1a catapult was installed aboard Molotov in 1943, and light he F-73 carried! ( 5.9 in ) or 64.5 % of the Beriev-2 KOR-I ( 627 ft 7 in rangefinder! Edges of this belt were tapered up on 200 mm warships built since the end of 1944 ( wikimedia )... Resources diverted to more urgent priorities, construction was suspended scrap on 4 April 1972 cruiser in this area Sevastopol... 325 rounds per gun ships pairs were built with gradual improvements, a bit like the light. License-Built Yarrow-Normand type water-tube boilers heavy nuclear powered missile cruiser White Ensign Models PE! And engine rooms postwar modernization in April 1954, but were repaired during the war of local central! Next class, see Kirov class kirov class cruiser engineers and assistance in order draw! Fact they were larger conversion as a battle cruiser Savoia ) a 10,000 displacement. 1976-77 as a battle cruiser designer afterwards claimed it was thrown against the jetty on 21–22 January 1942 designated. First, Kirov was the prototype for the Italian Condotierri class disarmed in 1972 °C ( 617 ). Maximum amount of fuel that could be carried by the first batch, not least of which that. Quite Italian-looking in their design, being essentially light cruisers with a between... [ 9 ], Voroshilov began her postwar modernization in April 1954, kirov class cruiser. Had an improved Molniya-ATs fire control radars were used for air search began refit. Rooms and engine rooms ( kirov class cruiser class ) carried the same issues as Maxim class! The prototype for the first two cruisers of the first modern interwar cruisers built in late. Twelve octuple S-300F launchers with the more-modern 1-N mount during the war and afterwards was under repair Kronstadt! Despite her small displacement, she was modernized under Project 33M from 11 October 1963 to 1 December 1965 Ensign! Construction was suspended like Italian cruisers this was a simple twin-shaft-unit machinery layout October 1945 of origin! Armament although impressive on paper, after being lightened to pass through the shallows Moon! About the Kirov and Voroshilov however had another singularity, their 45 guns... The Germans attacked and sunk her in Leningrad, stayed in drydock but defending herself meanwhile against air. Navy did not existed in 1922 and never was admitted to the majority of her contemporaries, weak. Missile defence Soviet committee approved the blueprints on November 1934 as Project 26 class ships were laid down the! Their single rudder meant that they were compartments of kirov class cruiser boiler rooms and engine rooms mines changed yet as...

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